(last updated on September 20, 2014)
As I was working on my text-file based tracking workspace, I remembered a kind of calendar I used to make back in the old days.
I think I first made this calendar sometime in the mid 90s when I was working for Qualia, Inc., a startup game company that I was part of as a game designer and project manager. I was so green, I didn’t know what project management actually meant, and I still placed more value on what I could make with my hands rather than how I could lead a team. But we were young and our bellies were filled with fire; the team members have since gone on to have rich and rewarding careers.
Anyway, at the time I needed some way of showing elapsed calendar time on a monospaced display, as our project intraweb used PRE tags to avoid doing a lot of HTML markup while updating our project files. I haven’t thought of this calendar style in quite some time, but it’s great for text files if you need to provide monthly context.
Fitting Days to 80 Columns
My goal was to fit as many days as possible onto a typical 80- to 132-column text display. 80 columns is the magic number that’s burned into my head from the 80s, and most printers of the time assumed this when printing (all printers had the ability to print text straight as a teletype back then…I’m not sure if this capability has gone away). These days you can print graphically at very high resolutions or make your web page really wide, but back then a typical monitor was probably 640×480 to 800×600, with 1024×768 starting to really push the limits of what CRTs were capable of displaying with reasonable quality. Anyway, an 800×600 screen gives you about 100-132 characters to work with, assuming a character matrix of about 6×8 pixels and margins for the various application windows. My point is that resolution was precious.
If you want to make a compact horizontal strip calendar in text, the first instinct is to do this:
.. Mo Tu We Th Fr .. .. Mo Tu We Th Fr .. .. Mo Tu We Th Fr .. ..
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
Unfortunately, each day takes up three horizontal characters. If you compress the numbers vertically, you can get one day per column:
This actually fits TWO months in less space than the first example. Admittedly it’s hard to read, but this is where the application of toning and grouping can make a big difference.
Here’s an example:
- Text Editor: I’m using a font I like called Vera Sans Mono, which is open source licensed by Bitstream to The Gnome Foundation. In short, it’s a free download, and it’s one of the nicest monospaced fonts I’ve come across. It’s much nicer than Courier, which is the default monospaced font for a lot of Windows text editors. While Vera Sans Mono helps legibility—I should note that the use of periods to replace Saturday and Sunday also helps visually group the week—, there’s little control over spacing between characters and between lines. What we want to see is the days reading as single units grouped into a strip that represents the month.
- Microsoft Word: While Word gives us the ability to color-code text, that’s about it. We can’t control the interletter spacing or shrink the linespacing between the two rows of numbers; that would have allowed us to make the numbers read a little better. This example is also using the Courier New font, and you can see while it’s legible, it has a kind of looseness compared to Vera Sans Mono that makes the entire strip into a gray blob. Using a lighter gray for the weekend days helps bring back the sense of grouping, but it’s not great. The biggest crime is that the vertical space between the rows of numbers is greater than the horizontal space between them, which breaks the grouping that we’re trying to establish. Bah.
Adobe Illustrator CS2: When it comes to adjusting type, it comes back to Illustrator. We can not only add more space between all the letters, but we can adjust the line spacing so that implied grouping through adjacency is working. I could have increased the inter-letter spacing more to make it more obvious, of course, but this felt about right. You could import the EPS into a Word document if this is the way you want to go, though it sort of defeats the purpose of having a nice way to insert compact calendars in-line with your text document. On the other hand, Word is a terrible program for maintaining formatting, so using EPS might be the way to go. Of course, once you’re making EPS files, you have the option of varying the size of the text a lot more, or flipping the numbers on their side, multiple fonts, and using background colors to push the legibility of the design even more, so the point of the exercise becomes rather academic.
p>So what’s the point of all this? Sometimes it’s handy to be able to quickly make a calendar in your text document for reference. They’re easy to make because you can copy/paste the
..mtwrf characters and paste it over and over again. Same with the
1234567890 characters. The tricky part is knowing the starting and ending days of the month, but it’s easy once you have any given date. Use the knuckle mneumonic to know how many days there are in a month. You can quickly generate the calendar in whatever application you happen to be using.
If you’re interested in the source files, there’s a link below. They’re nothing fancy, but you can get a feel for how you might create your own text strip calendar in your own documents.